Duranon Tick Repellent


 

Duranon Tick Repellent

Duranon is the resulting product from the earliest research of permethrin based insecticides - permethrin is a synthetic of a natural occurring insecticide in a specific species of flower from Africa.  The reason the natural product needed to be synthesized was that in its natural state the permethrin would degrade within minutes when exposed to sunlight.  Once the synthetic was developed additional enhancements made the product safe and long lasting.  Currently application methods can last from a few weeks through the life of the garment which is typically considered to be 12 months.

The DOD Chemical Protection System: The Department of Defense (DoD) utilizes a system of two chemical components in conjunction with the field uniform. The DoD system is designed to address mosquitoes, ticks, chiggers, sand fleas among others. The EPA approved components of this system include the insecticide permethrin and the insect repellent deet (N, N‑diethyl‑m‑tiluarnide) in concentrations less than 33%.

 Permethrin is virtually non‑toxic to humans and no systemic effects have been reported. In EPA and FDA tests, it was uncommon to have any skin reddening, rash or other irritation. When used as a repellent permethrin is applied to exterior clothing where it dries and bonds to the cloth fiber. This water-based formula is non‑staining, odorless and has exceptional resistance to degradation by sunlight (UV), heat and water. Although permethrin is approved for skin application under certain circumstances such as head lice formulas, it is not applied to skin as a repellent.  Permethrin does not bond to skin (stick) and is quickly deactivated by skin's esterase action into inactive compounds. Because of these attributes permethrin offers no repellent benefit on skin. It is only effective when used as a clothing treatment.  With the long history of success permethrin has achieved it is best not to second guess these results, following directions provided on the product and you can be assured of extraordinary results.  Any variation to the successful methods of application may results in diminished performance.

 Permethrin Mosquito Tests: The early history of permethrin development involved tests on mosquitoes conducted by the US Army and Air Force.  Tests showed that when lightweight uniforms were treated until moist (approximately 3 ounces) the permethrin alone (0. 5% solution) gave 97.7% protection from mosquitoes and 99.9% protection when used in combination with deet (33% solution). Two detergent washings did not diminish Mosquito repellent and killing action of permethrin treated uniforms.

 An interesting side note: The effectiveness of permethrin can be shown in the following report highlight that was reported in a very matter of fact statement. During testing in the Everglades, “mosquitoes were also repelled because of the side-stream effect caused by numerous treated uniforms within the same general location. This required that the test site be moved to locate more mosquitoes!”

 Permethrin Tick Tests: Test on ticks conducted in Massachusetts concluded that 100% protection was provided against the Deer tick (Ixodes Scapularis) which is the primary vector of Lyme disease in the Midwest and Northeast. The same outstanding results occurred when testing the Western Black Legged tick, Lone Star tick, American Dog tick and Brown Dog tick. Similar results have been found with other tick species throughout the United States and Europe. Two detergent washings did not diminish repellent killing action of permethrin-treated uniforms. In tests, ticks that crossed only 10 inches of treated fabric fell from the uniform later dying do to this limited exposure.

 DEET (N, N‑.diethyl‑m‑tiluamide) : is an approved repellent for skin application. Exposure to high concentrations of deet can pose some limited health hazard. At the time concentrations of 33% as provided in the 3M Ultrathon product were chosen by the military for its superior performance and high margin of safety.  Up until the 3M product was chosen the military had been using a 100% deet, it was uncomfortable to wear and easily damaged certain materials.  Since the 3M Ultrathon introduction many new developments have been made using deet that has achieved greater performance and comfort.  Deet based products are available in a wide variety of formulas that can address the very specific needs of the individual traveler, outdoors person, family member and even young children.   

Early research on deet showed that performance dropped off when concentrations of 35% or higher were tested.  As an example if a 30% deet concentration offers satisfactory repellent action for four hours, an assumption that a 60% deet would last eight hours is not correct. The 60% product may only last about 5 hours. In the use of standard deet formulas it is more effective to use lower concentrations of deet with more frequent application than to assume the higher concentrations to be longer lasting. They are not. Most brand name deet based products already have a deet range from 15% to 33%. Once the threat of insect/tick bite is over, the labels specify the deet should be washed off. Deet by itself tested between 85% to 89% effective at repelling ticks (deet does not kill either ticks or mosquitoes) and 97% against mosquitoes.  Keep in mind the deet will only protect the area on which it is applied.

The DoD system consists of both permethrin treated clothing and deet applied to exposed skin.  The use of one without the other will undermine the system and increase the risk of insect or tick bite.  Many non‑deet products are available on the market and are not part of the DoD protection system. They show ineffective repellent effect and are not recommended for any situation where disease transmission is a threat

Would you like to purchase Duranon - Here's a link to SCS-Mall.com

History of Duranon - The original product was manufactured under several labels - The original Duranon formula sold to the US Military did not contain an odorless solvent.  Later research modified the formula with a solvent that was odorless when dry and that provides protection from the original formula of 2 weeks or 2 detergent washing to the current 6 weeks or 6 detergent washings. 

Below are some of the label variations used in marketing Duranon, all but the current clothing treatment have been discontinued. NOTE: the contents were all the 0.5% Duranon only the labels varied for marketing specific attributes of the product.

Duranon Tick and Mosquito Repellent Killer - 6 ounce aerosol (currently sold)

Tick and Flea for Dogs - 6 ounce aerosol (discontinued)

Multi-Bug Insect killer (rated to kill 41 insects as a contact and residual insecticide) - 6 ounce aerosol (discontinued)